Brazil is one of the largest consumers of pesticide and also biggest exporter of agricultural product all over the world. The country is now ferociously discussing on upgrading the laws for agrochemical for the first time since past few years. Recently draft of a bill on combining the references from other bills was announced in 2002 by Blairo Maggi, who was a minister of agriculture in Brazil from the year 2016 to 2018. Maggi possesses the Amaggi Group, the biggest producer of soy all over the globe. Discussion of the public on the bill step up after a special commission of Brazil’s National Congress accepted the paper. The most debated part of the bill would change the agencies of agricultural chemicals. Recently, agencies are sharing the responsibility for evaluation & equal weight and adapting agrochemicals. Moreover, minister of Health Regulatory Agency (Anvisa) evaluates the hazards of pesticides to the health of humans. Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Ibama) are also evaluating the hazards to the environment with the help of Environment Ministers. Ministry of Livestock, Food Supply and Agriculture calculates the efficacy of compounds in enhancing the productivity of agriculture.
Law recommends the assimilation of all assesses under the Agriculture Ministry including several agencies. Ibama’s and Anvisa’s role in the regulation of agrochemicals are predictable by the guidelines and have the law authority. Minare claims that “Ibama and Anvisa powers will not be reduced, as they are being considered over the compatibility of agrochemicals with market”.
The other debatable section of the bill is letting the use of agrochemicals temporarily in Brazil. Use of agrochemicals in Brazil has been granted by the Ministry of Agriculture after registering the uses of chemical in minimum three regions that are participants of Food & Agriculture Organization of the US and Organization for Economic Co-operation & Development. Minare states that “This can help in aligning the processes and deadlines with the standards of the world”.
Policy and science experts are worried about permitting the chemical’s use before assessment of other measures that will change the morals for use of pesticides and can also expose the citizens of Brazil and surroundings to probably carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic substances of the atmosphere. Antagonists are arguing on the change in terms projected by the bill on substituting “pesticides” with “environmental control products” and “phytosanitary defensives” can be confusing.
Member of Parliament of Brazil’s are projected to ballot on the bill in 2019. If the bill passes from both chambers, it will require the permission of president before becoming the law. Environmentalists are concerned that Jair Bolsonaro’s President and Ricardo Salles Minister of Environment, will thrust for a bill. Salles is a lawyer and the state secretary for the environment in Sao Paulo and member of Superior Council of Agribusiness of Industries Federation of Sao Paulo state. In the year 2017, a lawsuit was filed against Salles by Public Prosecutor’s Office of Sao Paulo by alleging him with illegal changes in the plan of management about the protected area of the marshlands of Tiete River.
Organizations like Brazilian National Cancer Institute, National Councils of Health and Human Rights, Brazilian Society for Advancement of Science, Fiocruz, Anvisa and Ibama have delivered the statements of public for warning politicians, examining the bill and concerns of public regarding this legislation. In the meantime, supplementary law was announced to establish a national policy for lessening the use of agrochemical.