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Central America Migration Increases Along with Climate Change

As global warming increases, climate change disasters are increasing each day. With record-shattering wildfires of western U.S. in 2020, the impact was on vivid display. Destruction of homes and livelihoods leaves much less choice for people but to move. Such events are difficult for everyone but worse for the socially and economically vulnerable ones.

This phenomenon is known as climate migration and can be witnessed frequently these days with human-caused climate change. Central America could see some of the straightforward climate-induced migration this past autumn. Approximately 10,000 people have already started moving northwards after the two severe storms.

The Hurricane Iota and Eta, in November, were Category Four Hurricanes. Two weeks they made landfalls, which were only 15 miles apart near Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua. In the most active Atlantic Hurricane season, these two were the most intense storms recorded in history.

The storms impacted nearly 6 million people and destroyed several homes. In Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua, the storms displaced almost 600,000 families. Many of these displaced are living with minimal or no food in shelters. As of January, 25,000 were still in the emergency shelters in the entire region as per the Red Cross reports.

Apart from the loss of homes and food, many people also lost their livelihoods. Honduras Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock reported an estimate of up to 80% decimation of the agricultural sector. As of 2020, the industry provided one-third population of the country with employment. This has caused severe unemployment. All these factors add up to the thought of people moving northwards and leaving their homelands.

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