The gut microbiota is an ecological community of symbiotic, commensal as well as pathogenic microorganisms and one of the complex system that is made up of the bacteria in the gut, viruses & other microbes that has colonized the gastrointestinal tract. However, these two terms microbiota & microbiome are very often used to describe the same thing. On the other hand, with growing obesity epidemic across the world, researchers have started looking at all the potential rapport between gut microbiota and obesity, moreover, how can the dietetic modifications help in managing individual’s weight.
Furthermore, relationship between microbiome and weight management is a rapidly evolving field. As a group of scientists in an animal study found that resettling gut bacteria of an obese mouse into slim mouse resulted in the slim mouse gaining fat cells speedily. However these researches cannot be directly linked to humans.
Besides, scientists recently found a major difference between the gut bacteria of slim and obese persons as well as twins. Individuals who are obese had unlike gut bacteria than that of their non-obese twins, thus obesity was linked with lesser diversity of gut bacteria. While the reason for this is still not clear, though the study in the filed continues to get exciting.
In addition, scientists are looking forward at gut flora to understand that if they can draw associations with individual’s weight as well as develop usages in analyzing the treatment, for instance by modifying appetite. Furthermore, a team of French scientists concluded that gut bacteria might aid the control when as well as how much an individual eats. They also found that gut microbes generates hormones that enable in regulating the appetite after 20 minutes of giving the nutrients. Also, it was noted that giving such appetite hormones to mice caused the mice eating a reduced amount of food. Nevertheless, more research in related to the field is required before this can be applied to humans.
Eating a fire rich diet including fruit, whole grains, vegetables, beans & pluses as well as low saturated fat might help to develop the gut microbiome. Although the body can’t digest all fiber, there are certain bacteria’s in the gut that can digest. One of the research initiated that a diet rich in fruit as well as vegetables barred the development of certain bacteria that are associated with cardiovascular disease.