Preparations for the upcoming presidential elections in America is in full swing and Washington is still unclear about foreign policy. This has led to countries of North Africa and Middle East in lurch for strategic planning. Under the guidance of President Donald Trump, a major shift of tactical environment has been observed around the region and focus on Iran is trying to establish new order with the help of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates and Israel.
The states are waiting for the breakdown of Iran’s regime and pushing Washington to question Tehran. Some other issues that include the peace plan and understanding the local reference that the ideas contained. As the foreign policy is shifting Moscow and Beijing agree on these issues and are not sharing concerns about conduct of Washington in the region.
The two powers have planned and strategic air, land and sea parts of processes and commerce in the region. Depending on the growing hub-and-spoke strategy that will connect Russia and China to Africa.
The belt and road initiative (BRI) by China has helped in growth of Russia. The BRI works in logistical directions, urban areas and ports among others. The most important part of this the concept in interconnectivity. Countries of Russia and China know their future is linked to infrastructure, commodity futures and finance in terms of helping growth and advancements. This division has strategic implications in the United States and its European friends. American foreign policy decision-makers are unable to recognize the growing divide and hence it is important to understand the geopolitical stakes.
Policies of US foreign and Middle East region with respect to the behavior of Russia and China focus on various types of transportation. Washington is currently using ways to sanction and negotiate tariff and various other types of tools to bend the Middle Eastern states to meet various new transactional relationships used to complete sales. The removal of sanctions on the aluminum giant of Russia, the Rusal by the United States appeared beneficial for UAE as it is one of the growing aluminum industry.
Gold is another product that conflicts against Russian and Chinese interests. Cobalt is of great importance with the on-going industrial revolution. With goods coming to market the government and private companies are trying to protect the source of revenue. Moscow and Beijing are currently using powers to further influence to Arab leaders with financial credits and tools.
Finally, the biggest challenge faced by the US foreign policy in the geographical region is the better connection and balance between Russia, China and the MENA region is the Artificial Intelligence. Along with the use of AI in various defense sectors.