The Mediterranean diet is motivated by the diet habits of the society in the region of Greece, Spain, and Southern Italy. This was during the period of the 1940s and 50s. The main reason for the diet large amount of healthy fats and fresh foods consumed. The main food items included olive oil, nuts, and seeds, fruits and vegetables. Legumes, whole, and unrefined grains were also a part of the diet. The diet also mentions the modest addition of fish and other dairy products in the diet. Mediterranean diet has numerous health benefits along with several scientific studies. A new study has shown that following the Mediterranean diet lowers the risk of depression.

The study further mentions that those who use Mediterranean diets, a diet containing fresh vegetables, have a considerably lower risk of increasing depression. This launch of the initial study was in the Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) held in San Francisco, California. It validates earlier scientific signs that tell about these foods in our diets have positive effects on our mental health.

Research details: 

The research was involving patients of a day-care center in Greece. 64% of the patients were moderately adhering to the diet whereas 34% were strictly following the same. As a result, almost 25% of people had symptoms of depression. Furthermore, more women were affected in comparison to men.

Those who were following the diet strictly, especially those with low poultry and alcohol, were having a lower risk of developing depressive symptoms. The conclusion was that following a plant-rich diet may lower risks of depression.

However, it is also true that the study is observational. Thus further meaning that when following the Mediterranean diet the risk of depression is less and symptoms are also lower in the event of nutritious and healthy diets.