PHC (Primary Healthcare) is basically “essential healthcare on the basis of practical, which is socially acceptable approaches and technology, scientifically sound, and made globally accessible to everyone in the community by their full contribution and at an affordable cost.
“It is the initial level of contact of community, individuals, and the family with the national health scheme bringing healthcare close to the people where they live or work.”
It is globally accepted that near around 90% of an individual’s health needs across everyone’s lifetime.
The costs of PHC is significantly less than the clinical or hospital care, which offers secondary and tertiary healthcare.
What is Primary Care system?
The Primary Healthcare service in Malaysia is a combined with near 7,000 private facilities and about 2,900 public facilities which are involved in service provision.
The public sector has a wide network of community clinics and health clinics in rural areas, mobile clinics for remote areas, clinics in mostly town areas, and, expanded across the country.
This service provides about 60% of outpatient care and spends about 35% of overall expenses for primary Healthcare.
The private sector, which is spread across urban and semi-urban regions, deliver near about 40% of outpatient care and accounts for 65% of overall expenses on primary care.
In terms of public sector, the case is a mix, means it is mainly for chronic diseases, child and maternal health conditions.
There are geographical variations in terms of provision, and access to, health facilities with peoples efficiently having access to number of healthcare services on the basis of location.
The Private sector provided facility to pay through direct out-of-pocket.
The primary consultation and procedure charges are controlled by the Private Healthcare Services Act.
According to the Harvard group report, there were “substantial and growing gaps in developed on growing overall health outcomes.
“These gaps are noticeable in reducing rates of improvement in pointers such as infant mortality, maternal mortality, child mortality, and are even more obvious in the limited improvements in adult life beyond the age between 30 and 60, where statistics show slower rates of variation than in high income comparators.